GAIN: Missing Data Imputation Using Generative Adversarial Nets

Venue

arXiv:1806.02920 [cs, stat], vol.

Publication Year

2018

Keywords

Statistics - Machine Learning,Computer Science - Machine Learning

Authors

  • Jinsung Yoon
  • James Jordon
  • Mihaela van der Schaar

Abstract

We propose a novel method for imputing missing data by adapting the well-known Generative Adversarial Nets (GAN) framework. Accordingly, we call our method Generative Adversarial Imputation Nets (GAIN). The generator (G) observes some components of a real data vector, imputes the missing components conditioned on what is actually observed, and outputs a completed vector. The discriminator (D) then takes a completed vector and attempts to determine which components were actually observed and which were imputed. To ensure that D forces G to learn the desired distribution, we provide D with some additional information in the form of a hint vector. The hint reveals to D partial information about the missingness of the original sample, which is used by D to focus its attention on the imputation quality of particular components. This hint ensures that G does in fact learn to generate according to the true data distribution. We tested our method on various datasets and found that GAIN significantly outperforms state-of-the-art imputation methods.