Multi-Band Multi-Resolution Fully Convolutional Neural Networks for Singing Voice Separation
68T01; 68T10; 68T45; 62H25,Computer Science - Machine Learning,Computer Science - Sound,Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Audio and Speech Processing,Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Signal Processing,H.5.5,I.2,I.2.6,I.4,I.4.3,I.5,Statistics - Machine Learning
- Emad M. Grais
- Fei Zhao
- Mark D. Plumbley
Deep neural networks with convolutional layers usually process the entire spectrogram of an audio signal with the same time-frequency resolutions, number of filters, and dimensionality reduction scale. According to the constant-Q transform, good features can be extracted from audio signals if the low frequency bands are processed with high frequency resolution filters and the high frequency bands with high time resolution filters. In the spectrogram of a mixture of singing voices and music signals, there is usually more information about the voice in the low frequency bands than the high frequency bands. These raise the need for processing each part of the spectrogram differently. In this paper, we propose a multi-band multi-resolution fully convolutional neural network (MBR-FCN) for singing voice separation. The MBR-FCN processes the frequency bands that have more information about the target signals with more filters and smaller dimentionality reduction scale than the bands with less information. Furthermore, the MBR-FCN processes the low frequency bands with high frequency resolution filters and the high frequency bands with high time resolution filters. Our experimental results show that the proposed MBR-FCN with very few parameters achieves better singing voice separation performance than other deep neural networks.